the next half-hour -- a meeting in brussels debates the future of mali. >> britain's parliament votes on a same-sex marriage fell in a debate which threatens to split the conservative party. >> and the dangers of cyber- bullying. how one group is trying to teach young people to avoid becoming a victim of bullying online. we begin this program in mali where secular toric forces -- tuareg forces say they have taken hold of the last segment held by rebel forces. >> those mnla fighters told reporters that islamists had abandoned the area.
the rebel group began a separatist insurgency in the north of mali last year. it was later hijacked by al qaeda-linked islamists. >> we are joined live from mali by our correspondent. could we say this is the end of the islamic threat or the beginning of a protracted guerrilla war? >> it is difficult to say because although the french, malian an dnow tuareg soldiers have taken population centers, aide from the few militants that have been captured, the majority have just disappeared into a large desert area in the north. >> you are saying they have disappeared into the desert. will french troops then need to extend operations to those areas and possibly across the borders of neighboring countries if they seek sanctuary?
>> it is difficult to say. though the french insist their involvement will be short and swift, francois hollande said they're willing to stay as long as it took here in bamako. today, at the airport, at least 50 infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers and reconnaissance vehicles arrive at the front, so it is definitely not over just yet. one of the reasons why, it is speculated that there are hostages being held by some of these al qaeda-linked groups, so they might be trying to take some care when advancing from here. >> thanks for now. all this news comes as international organizations, including the united nations and the african union, meet in
brussels to talk about the future of moly. they're discussing aid, democratic elections, and security issues. >> officials from mali for their part have urged the international community to support their efforts to drive that extremists, saying they threaten all civilized countries. >> leaders from over 40 countries met in brussels to discuss the way forward for mali. they pledged their support and ask the african-led mission to mali to speed up in the basement. >> we are already delivering on pledges that we made. to train the malian and resume development support, our total pledge of support is more than 300 million euros in the year ahead. >> this figure does not include humanitarian aid. in mali, food supplies are being shipped off to the troubled northern areas.
the united nations plans to ship tons to the timbuktu region alone. >> as far as time and risks were concerned, it was the best option compared going by road. on the roads, we face checkpoints from the malian army or the islamists. >> french troops are continuing to press forward. they want to drive out rebels from their remaining strongholds. they have already taken back the major cities in the north. for the people of timbuktu, the french are viewed as heroes. >> today, i can do my job as i want to. if i have a customer, i can touch his beard, to a modern hair cut, i can do as i like. the i am free, and i can also earn more. and i started listening to music again. >> tuesday's meeting marks a first step toward outlining a future course for mali, but
delegates realize they face a huge challenge. >> mali has called on the international community to support its efforts. is there a sense everyone is on the same page and pulling together? we put that question to our brussels correspondent. >> there's a very big sense of unity here in brussels where delegates mets from around the world to discuss the malian situation, and the general message from all the various representatives was that a combination of military and political efforts is needed to restore stability in mali. on the military level, the goal is to get african soldiers to take over from the french troops. that has to be accompanied by some kind of peacekeeping force, possibly the united nations could get involved. and, of course, the political process has to be started again where a national dialogue that would include also minority groups would have to be established to achieve the goal of holding elections as early as july this year.
it is a very ambitious timetable. that has also been the message here, but elections are key to move forward in the process of restoring stability. >> to india now and the most closely watched trial in decades. a special court has started hearing testimony in the trial of five men charged with the fatal gang rape of a young medical student. the first to testify -- the victim's male friend, who was also attacked. >> five suspects have been indicted on charges including gang rape and murder. brutal attack set off a nationwide protest about india's treatment of women and has spurred protests -- has spurred india to take a look at a loss. >> the case is being tried before a special fast-track court. the first witness was the male friend of the woman who was attacked with her on the bus and suffered severe injuries. the defense lawyer said his
client had provided full identification of all five accused. the bus inside the lock up and various belongings. members of the victim's family spoke to the media. her brother says they are counting on the court impose and nothing less than the death penalty. >> we are not interested in the recommendations of the justice committee. we are only concerned about our case, and we want them hanged. then the indians have been demonstrating throughout the country for weeks to demand better treatment for women. the protests seemed to be working. the interior ministry has increased the penalty for rape to a minimum of 20 years in prison and approved the death penalty if rape victims are killed. >> it is the first visit by an iranian head of state. >> we go to cairo to learn more
about the summit. ties between iran and egypt have improved since the revolution, but they still do not agree on how to solve the conflict in syria. in germany, citizens remain up in arms about the prospect of having to bail out failed banks and eu governments for perhaps years to come. they are still asking why no charges have been brought in the interest rate fixing scandal among top level banks. >> now, the german finance minister is set to present proposals to address that anger that will include a tightening of banking regulations. germany is not the only european country planning new laws against the reckless bankers that cost taxpayers billions. >> and number of european governments are drawing up new measures to prevent big banks from passing on the costs of high risk trading to taxpayers. in germany, a new draft law is due to be presented to the cabinet on wednesday.
the proposed law would require major banks to separate their retail and investment banking. it also outlines plans for restructuring and liquidation in the event of a crisis, and bank executives are engaged -- who engage in reckless behavior could face up to five years in prison, and britain is also bound to pressure to rein in the excesses' of the system in the wake of the libor scandal and breaches of money laundering rules. the british money laundering minister warns that banks that fail to shield their retail banking from high risk investment activities could be broken up. >> if a bank flouts the rules, the regulator and the treasury will have the power to break it up altogether. full separation. not just a ring fence. >> he said the changes should in taxpayer bailouts and mark the end of banks that are too big to fail. >> on to the markets now and
germany and britain oppose it plans to tighten banking regulations were the big news in europe today. our correspondence sent us this summary of tuesday's trading from the frankfurt stock exchange -- our correspondent said us this summer. >> some shares were strongly in demand while others found themselves deeply on the downside. some of the tightening rules might make strong banks even stronger, and that banks could profit which have many corporate clients and many international clients. stock market in general this tuesday managed to recover somewhat from the losses of the beginning of the week, also due to positive economic data. the german engineering sector managed to post a significant increase of factory orders again. >> a look now at the raw numbers from the markets. the dax ended the day of a bit, more than 0.3%.
euro stoxx 50 rose nearly a full percentage point. the dow jones is up 0.87%, and the euro is trading against the dollar at $1.3579. >> the u.s. justice department is suing standard and poor's for its alleged role in the 2008 financial crisis. wall street investors say they were expecting the move. in 2007, the ratings agency made its fortune by giving high credit ratings to worthless mortgage debt. that debt later plunged in value, fuelling the crisis. standard and poor's denies the charges and has promised a vigorous defense. the u.s. justice department is charging. we go for more on the story. >> a green light from standard and poor's was once thought to be a mark of confidence, but
that was before the company was caught out, giving glowing ratings to investments that bottomed out. u.s. authorities say s&p ignored the risks and misled investors. during the real-estate boom in the united states, banks were happy to sell mortgages to people who actually could barely afford them. that debt was bundled into bonds with other investments, and s&p gave them safe ratings in the financial markets. that is why investors snapped them up, particularly pension funds and other large investors like insurance companies. when the real estate bubble burst in 2007, the banks were sitting on mountains of bad debt. taxpayers ultimately had to bail out the banks to save them from collapse. u.s. authorities charge that s&p purposely downplayed the risks in favor of the interests of
large investment banks. shares in standard and poor's owner mcgraw-hill dropped by 14% in new york on monday, and that slide continued on tuesday. analysts believe investors could line up behind the government to claim damages from the agency. >> along with many other countries from around the world, germany has been marking international safer internet day. in berlin, experts have been meeting to discuss the safety implications of the data, which means enormous stockpiles of information weight above -- made up of website clicks, it treats, and your phone calls, for example. >> handling the data is both a challenge and a business opportunity for innovative i.t. cos. the president of the german and protect association said the big data holds huge potential in areasike medical technology and smart traffic control systems. >> but it is also vulnerable to abuse and, of course, cyber
crime. >> we will have more news here in a minute, including britain pose a big vote in parliament over gay marriage. >> that's right. we will also be going to china. we've been reporting all week long, last few weeks as well, and the toxics law in beijing keeping people inside, posing a respiratory threat, especially to the elderly and children now. it is on the move, now in japan. we will be telling you about what people there are doing as well to deal with the threat of china's toxic smog. stay with us.
and unnecessarily divisive. >> many conservatives still up in parliament to denounce the legislation ahead of the vote in which up to half of kamins 303 lawmakers are expected to reject the measure on moral and religious grounds. >> matthew and chris were the first to register their relationship at a registry office when england and wales introduced the civil partnership act in 2005. they took the chance to gain official recognition of their 40-year relationship. now the government wants to go a step further. >> the depth of feeling, love, and commitment is no difference between same-sex couples than opposite sex couples. this bill enables society to recognize that commitment in the same way -- through marriage. parliament should value people equally in the law, and enabling same-sex couples to marry removes the current differentiation and distinction. >> the conservative party made an election promise to introduce the same-sex marriage
legislation. observers say it is part of efforts to modernize the party. but the issue has divided the governing conservatives, fuelling fears of a rebellion against the party leadership. most rebels believe marriage rights should not be extended to all couples regardless of their gender. >> it is not possible to redefine marriage. marriage is the union between a man and a woman. has been historically, remains so. it is "alice in wonderland" territory. for any government of any political persuasion to seek to go along and try to rewrite the lexicon -- it will not do. >> with most of the opposition supporting it, the bill was never really destined to fail. it will next have to go through the upper chamber, the house of lords, before same-sex couples in england and wales can marry. >> this is also very much a
breaking story. we just received news that the bill has passed in parliament. let's go live to our correspondent in london, who is following the vote in parliament for us. what was the majority? >> it has really only just been passed -- 400 for the bill and 155 against it, which is quite a lot against it. most would have voted for the bill, but a large portion, really, of the conservative party have voted against it. >> ok, now, where is the political upset in all of this for the prime minister, for david cameron? some say that this vote could leave a legacy of bitterness within his own conservative party. >> well, yes, definitely. one british paper actually made an interesting comment and said the conservative party has had decades of being divided over
europe and now david cameron has found an entirely new subject to split the party. humor aside, it has really been a struggle between traditionalists and modernizers. traditionalists have been quite vocal. one mp promoting the merciless prison of equality and another saying that he fears for the future of the children, but unlike the debate on europe, david cameron has not given in to the conservative conservatives, if you want, in his party. he is determined to stay true to his agenda of renewal. i think there's no doubt that some will probably think that their beliefs and values are being sacrificed for the agenda of modernization. >> ok, thanks so much. that breaking story from london. the parliament has passed same- sex marriages for england and wales. to asia now, and china's toxic
smog has become a threat not only to the health of the chinese but also to the residents of japan. for the last few days, chinese smog has been pushing east >> government health experts in tokyo are advising people with respiratory problems and small children to remain indoors for the time being. is there a way to end the problem set to increase as china's population grows? here is more. >> his a migrant worker who lives on the edge of beijing in this small apartment. his home is heated with coal. each lump costs 15 cents. he says he is comfortable here. the oven is both a heater and a stove. it gets warm in the room, but the air smells of coal smoke. >> we have to use coal. the winters in beijing are cold. you cococod not stand it here without heating. i cannot afford to heat without electricity. electricity is too expensive.
i have to heat with coal. it is cheap and practical. >> and it is terrible for the environment. he is just one of hundreds of thousands of chinese in and around beijing who heat their homes with coal. the smoke from these fires contributes to china's infamous small -- smog. people here go for weeks without seeing the sun. the smell of sulfur lingers in the air and eyes burn from the irritants in the sky. >> the main cause is a tremendous reliance on coal mine in china. power plants burn coal to generate electricity. all of the industry here -- steel, cement, chemical plants -- they all use tremendous amounts of energy generated from burning coal. >> china burns almost as much
coal as the rest of the world combined, and that is ruining the environment here. modern, clean coal plants like this one meet strict standards, but they are few and far between. >> local governments have always looked the other way. many power companies are also the largest tax payers for that region, and an important part of the local economy. politicians do not dare metal with their businesses. we have the laws and environmental standards, but they are not enforced. >> economic growth has been the number one priority in china, but an increase in living standards has been increase in pollution. having a car has been an important status symbol for the rising chinese middle-class. beijing alone has 5.2 million
cars. people here are sick of the smog. long lines form in front of beijing as the hospitals. there's been a jump in cases of respiratory ailments. children and the elderly are especially vulnerable. >> of course i'm worried. my daughter has a skin allergy. we have everything under control, but now the doctors are saying the air pollution is making it worse. more people are suffering. then a state media have started speaking out about the problem of increasing pollution. the government is looking for ways to manage the issue. >> people want more security and a cleaner environment. the stability of society is threatened if the government does not give people what they want. >> china's smog is not just an
environmental problem. it is a situation that china is rapidly -- china's rapidly changing society is no longer prepared to tolerate. the challenge for the ruling communist party is have to sustain economic growth while reducing the environmental impact. >> other news now -- child development experts are increasing their calls for parents to reduce the time their children spend in front of computer screens. they are also calling for children to be taught guidelines and etiquette for computer use. >> it is an area that still lacks much in the way of fools and delegations, and there are those who seem to like it that way. -- it is an area that still lacks much in the wake of rules and delegations. advocates are trying to raise awareness of the troubled kids cn get into online. >> it is their one-stop entertainment shock -- weather on their phones, home, or at school, kids are always connected, but just like in real playground, the internet can quickly turn from fun and games to ruthless bullying.
a dutch theater troupe is on a mission to change that. they have come to berlin to educate children about online etiquette. in this play, these two want to become famous musicians. cady wants to help, but she goes too far. she convinces the girl to take off her clothes in a music video and upload it to the internet without permission. the situation escalates when she takes to face but to defend herself. the actors interact with the kids to learn about their own online experiences. >> a lot of them already have a very good idea about what is good and what is bad etiquette. but the knowledge is kind of scattered. one kid will know one thing and another will know something else. so if we can come together in a group and shared these pieces of knowledge, that is important to us.
>> in this exercise, when students suggest that they not put the video online. it prevents a possible fallout. he and his classmates have learned a lot. >> i learned that i should not upload pictures like of a girl that i have taken pictures of, for instance, without asking her first. >> i will be more careful about posting pictures. now i know what to do if someone gets bullied online. >> the kids are taking home one more important lesson -- not to look the other way if someone else falls prey to sublease. them to bring to the images yesterday of the stall of richard iii, we now have been reconstructed image of the long- dead british king. >> scientists reconstructed his face one day after revealing that a skeleton found buried under a car parked in leicester